The Book of 1 Peter was written by the Apostle Peter during a time when the Roman government had started to repeal its tolerance for Christianity. The Romans resented several Christian teachings, and Emperor Nero used Christians as scapegoats for the empire’s problems. Peter, who had suffered much punishment for his beliefs himself , wrote the letter to encourage all those persecuted in the name of Christ to endure their persecution with joy. He says to consider suffering for Christ a privilege, as Christ Himself had suffered much more greatly for our sake. He refers to Christ’s resurrection as a living hope, one that renders any and all suffering temporary and insignificant.